Hip Replacement Surgery
Hip Replacement Surgery or Hip Arthroplasty has become a very common surgery especially due to the continuous development of surgical techniques and better quality artificial joints. In Australia and NZ alone over 40,000 hip replacement surgeries are done each year.
Hip Replacement Surgery is the ideal treatment for people suffering from severe osteoarthritis of the hip which can cause pain, discomfort and significantly affect mobility.
The Surgical Procedure
The hip joint is a ball and socket joint that connects the top of the femur (thigh) to the pelvis. Like most joints, the hip joint is also held together by a combination of muscles, tendons and ligaments. The hip replacement surgery will involve an incision made to the side of the hip joint. The damaged ball of the femur and part of the socket will be removed. The new hip ball and socket joint, which can be secured in place either with or without bone cement, is then implanted. The materials used to make the prosthesis (artificial hip joint) usually include a combination of metal, plastic and ceramic. The surgical treatment is usually done under general anaesthesia (where you are asleep) and in some cases local or regional anaesthesia.
Raphael Hau has done many hip replacement surgeries and has extensive experience with the procedure. For more information and advice on total hip replacement or total hip arthroplasty, contact us on (03) 9890 2300.
What hip injuries can Hip Replacement Surgery treat?
Even though a majority of hip replacement surgeries are done to treat severe osteoarthritis of the hip, the surgical treatment can be used to treat a hip joint that may be affected by a range of conditions, including:
- Severe osteoarthritis of the hip
- Rheumatoid arthritis of the hip
- Ligament damage or infection that leads to osteoarthritis
- Birth defects affecting the structure of the joint
- Fractures of the hip (usually with older people, due to a fall)
- Trauma or injury from sports injuries or road accidents
What are the symptoms of injury to the hip?
The signs and symptoms of hip injury can vary, most commonly the symptoms will include swelling in the hip area, persistent or severe hip pain and sometimes immobility of the hip, preventing movement. Not all hip injuries require hip joint replacement surgery and this is something your orthopaedic surgeon can advise you on. To find out more contact Raphael Hau on (03) 9890 2300.
How to prepare for the surgery
Make sure your orthopaedic surgeon has your complete medical history, mention any allergies or illness you may have and be sure to disclose information on all medication or supplements you may be taking. Before a total hip replacement surgery, Raphael Hau will advise you in detail on how you can prepare and what care you will need to take after.
Disclaimer: Any surgical or invasive procedure carries risks. Before proceeding, you should seek a second opinion from an appropriately qualified health practitioner.
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Epworth Eastern Hospital